Staffordshire Saltglaze Teapot Frederick The Great, c. 1760


A rare Staffordshire salt-glazed stoneware teapot painted in enamel colors with a portrait of Frederick the Great of Prussia, Britain’s ally against France in the Seven Year’s War, about 1760. Hand-painted portrait on one side and the Prussian Eagle on the other side. The ermine pattern was intended to look royal, 4 1/2″ (11.5cm).

About Frederick The Great – King of Prussia  (1712 – 1786):

Frederick II, the son of Frederick William I, was born in Berlin. His childhood was spent in rigorous military training and education.  As an adult he studied music and French literature, and himself wrote and composed. As king, he guided the growth of the provincial kingdom he inherited toward its place at the head of the German nations. Frederick the Great skillfully employed the limited Prussian resources to make his kingdom the most powerful German state during the seven Years War (1756-63). In 1772 he participated in the first partition of Poland, and by the time he died he had doubled the area of his country.

About Salt-Glaze Stoneware:

The earliest known production of stoneware was in Germany around 1350. Initially, the process was used on earthenware. By the 15th century, small pottery towns were producing a salt-glazed stoneware. In the UK during the 17th century and 18th century high quality salt-glazed stoneware was produced in Staffordshire and other regions.

The salt glaze is formed on the biscuit body by reaction of common salt with the clay body consist ens, particularly silica, toward the end of firing. The body should ideally be richer in silica than normal stoneware, and iron impurities can help produce good salt glaze reduction atmosphere can be employed as the reduced iron silicates are very powerful fluxes.

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